1.1: Choose 1 learning theory and indicate how its application can result in fruitful learning in the grade you teach. (10)

1.2 Read the extract below and answer the question that follow:

Teaching styles allow for matching the teaching and learning process to the unique learning profile of each learner, by offering choices regarding what and how to learn as well as on how to demonstrate that learning has taken place (Nel, Nel & Hugo, 2017).Discuss 1 teaching style and how can you use it to accommodate diversity in the inclusive classroom.(10)

Read the case study below and answer the questions on this document that follow:

Mpho lives with her father, grandmother and two younger sisters in an informal settlement. Mpho’s mother died last year of an AIDS-related disease. Her grandmother is very old and no longer healthy. Her father works in the city and commutes by taxi every day. This means that he leaves the house very early in the morning and only comes home after it is already dark.

Mpho is 9 years old and in Grade 3. She and two sisters go the ECD centre and Mothusi primary school, which is four kilometers away from the house. They cannot afford to pay for the bus and consequently walk to school and back most days. Although there is a lot of love in this house, circumstances make it very difficult to really care about what is going on in everybody’s life, because survival is the most important thing. Since Mpho’s father is not home much and her grandmother is unwell, Mpho is responsible for taking care of her younger sisters, because she is the oldest. The father is still grieving after the loss of his wife and is often so sad that he does not have the strength to care for hisfamily.

Although Mpho tries her best to achieve at school, she does not perform very well. She struggles with reading and writing and prefer to listen to information. Although she struggles to understand some of the work, she does not have the courage to ask teachers for help. Most of the time she is tired and struggles to concentrate. There is a discrepancy between her potential and achievement, and she has a limited vocabulary. She finds it difficult to express her ideas, feelings and concerns. Learners tease her because her mother died of an AIDS-related disease and think his mother slept with other men. Her mother contracted HIV during a blood transfusion after an accident at work. Mpho also struggles with gross and fine motor coordination and is seldom picked by other learners to be on their netball team. This makes Mpho anxious, and she overreacts if learners tease her. Consequently, Mpho gets into fights with other learners and often gets into trouble with her teachers as a result.

(Case study adapted from p. 19 in Nel, M., Nel, N & Hugo, A. 2017. Learner support in a diverse classroom, 2nded. Pretoria: Van Schaik)

2.1 Briefly tell how you can use Baseline and Diagnostic assessment in Mpho’s learning. (10)

2.2 Based on key areas stipulated in SNA 1, practically provide information based on Mpho’s case. (10)

2.3 Discuss how will you be collaborating with any two stakeholders of your choice in support provision concerning Mpho’s learning. (10)

Answers to Above Questions

Answer 1.1:  Learning theory is defined as a process that helps in identifying the ways in which students receive, process and retain knowledge during learning. The role of learning theory is therefore crucial in the process of teaching because it allows teachers to better understand the ways in which students process information, and they can therefore devise their teaching strategies accordingly for better student learning. There are different types of learning theories that can be utilised for better student learning, but the specific one that is selected for analysis is cognitive learning theory. The cognitive learning theory for grade 2nd students can be useful in the form of……

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