Question 1 (26 marks)
Read the fictitious scenario below and answer the question(s) which follow.
Imagine you are the principal researcher of a research team who have been commissioned by The Institute of Gender Equality South Africa, to investigate:
1. The perceptions of men and woman, who generally form part of interviewing panels, in terms of which managerial positions women should occupy ranging from entry -level management (supervisor, floor manager), middle- management (managing an entire unit or department, for example merchandising) and top- management (managing a branch or region)
Your brief is to conduct a quantitative survey of 5 (five) of the major retail stores in South Africa using a Likert type survey instrument. Assume the following:
Store 1: 8 of the 10 respondents strongly agreed that women should be employed at the entry-level management. Of these 4 were men and 4 were women.
Store 2: 10 of the 10 respondents strongly agreed that women should be employed at the middle-level of management. Of these 4 were men and 6 were women.
Store 3: 6 of the 10 respondents strongly agreed that women should be employed at the top-level of management. Of these 2 were men and 4 were women.
Store 4: 2 of the 10 respondents strongly agreed that women should be employed at the entry-level of management. 0 were men and 2 were woman.
Store 5: 4 of the 10 respondents strongly agreed that women should be employed at the middle-level of management. 1 was a man and 3 were women.
Provide an example of a null hypothesis and an alternate or experimental hypothesis for the fictitious scenario above and explain why a null hypothesis and an alternate hypothesis is necessary in inferential statistics. (8 marks)
Read the fictitious scenario below and answer the question that follows.
Assume you are conducting exploratory qualitative research and you are expected to arrange an interview with twelve (12) community members about their experiences and opinions regarding load shedding. The meeting was scheduled for 10H00 a.m. at a community hall. All participants presented their opinions and sentiments regarding load shedding.
Identify the type of data collection method adopted in the study. (2 marks)
Outline the possible steps that can be used to facilitate the data collection method mentioned in question 3.2. (16 marks)
Question 2 (15 marks)
With reference to your courseware, critically expatiate on the aspects considered in ensuring the quality is adhered to in qualitative research.
Question 3 (25 marks)
Data analysis is a section that influences the study findings in research. Using this assertion, outline brief notes on the types of analysis employed in a qualitative study from an advanced perspective. In your answer identify a data analysis suitable for data collection methods depicted in the fictitious scenario in 1.2.
Question 4 (14 marks)
Your educator made the following statement on ColCampus: “The concepts of reliability and validity are not suitable for evaluating the quality of qualitative research.”
Explain why you agree with the statement made by your Educator.
Question 5 (15 marks)
Choose a topic in your field of interest. Imagine that you are tasked to conduct research on the opinions and attitudes of a certain population on the chosen topic. Develop a short questionnaire (15 questions) using the following types of questions:
● Factual questions (3 questions).
● Opinion Questions (3 questions).
● Direct questions (3 questions).
● Indirect questions (3 questions).
● Open-ended questions (3 questions).
Be sure to write a respondent-centred questionnaire, considering the level of education, language difficulties, emotional barriers and any other factors that may arise.
Question 6 (5 marks)
Describe five (5) characteristics of a mode as a measure of central tendencies.
Answers to Above Questions on HRM
Answer 1: The null hypothesis is “the perception of men and women with respect to occupying the managerial position by women in the retail store in South Africa is same”
The alternate hypothesis is “the perception of men and women with respect to occupying the managerial position by women in the retail store in South Africa is not the same”
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