Critically discuss why Freudian analysis might fall short when understanding the collective problem of violence in comparison to Jung’s theories.
Q.2.1 Using Pavlov’s dog, explain how the accidental discovery of dog responses to stimuli led to classical conditioning as we know it today (20). Furthermore, provide two examples of conditioning in pop culture with the use of celebrities or influencers on social media (5).
In your discussion of Pavlov, include key terminology.
Q.2.2 The study on Little Albert was conducted under questionable ethical conditions. Explain how Jones expanded on Watson’s work to lend insight that might be useful for overcoming phobias in therapy today.
Sipho is an emergency paramedic and proud that his work is an opportunity to be of service to people. However, his job is highly stressful and facing the prospect of losing patients is a daily challenge. To compound this, they are also called to dangerous locations at night in high‐risk areas. After experiencing a failed hijacking in the ambulance, Sipho is plagued by nightmares of being attacked and is afraid to return to work. He worries constantly that returning to work means he may experience another hijacking. Sipho’s manager suggests that he see a Psychotherapist that specialises in Cognitive
Behavioural Therapy (CBT).
Q.3.1. What is the premise of CBT and why might CBT be an effective approach to Sipho’s PTSD? Discuss four elements common to all CBT models. (20)
Q.3.2. Describe five psychiatric disorders that CBT is effective for. Provide brief (academic research) evidence for your answers. (10)
Q.3.3. How might ‘New Wave’ CBT techniques like mindfulness meditation help Sipho with his trauma and anxiety? Discuss mindfulness and apply it to Sipho’s scenario. (15)
Q.3.4. Once Sipho has learned to apply mindfulness ‐ based CBT techniques consistently, briefly describe the expected outcome. (5) [TOTAL MARKS: 100]
Answers to Above Questions on Psychology
Answer 1: An analysis of the concept of Freudian analysis and Jung theory indicates that they are aimed at understanding human behaviour and the collective problem of violence. However, it is evaluated that the Freudian analysis falls short of, when analysing the collective problem of violence compared to Jung theories for a number of reasons. The first important reason is the overemphasis of Freudian theory on individual psychological dynamics compared to collective unconscious.
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