QUESTION 1 (32 marks)
MoneyMakers (Pty) Ltd, manufactures Product D which passes through two processes, namely process X and process Y. Material is introduced at the start of process X and additional material is added to process Y when the process is 80% complete. Conversion costs are applied uniformly throughout both processes. The closing work in progress (“WIP”) is estimated to be 60% for both processes. Assume that the production information for process Y, for the month of June 2023, is the following:
|Opening inventory||2 000|
|Units introduced during the period||11 000|
|Closing inventory||3 000|
|Opening WIP production costs:||Rand|
|Opening inventory WIP||105 000|
|Costs from previous Process X||50 000|
|Direct Material||35 000|
|Costs incurred during the month of June:||255 000|
|Transferred from Process X||150 000|
|Direct material||65 000|
Prepare the process cost report using the weighted average method.
Prepare the quantity statement (with the equivalent units). (13 marks)
Prepare the cost statement. (9 marks)
Prepare the cost allocation statement. (10 marks)
Tabulate your answers as far as possible.
Show and reference all your calculations clearly.
QUESTION 2 (30 marks)
Game Ltd manufactures and sells product X. The following information is available for Game Ltd’s financial year ending 31 December 2023:
|Opening Inventory||Direct costing||R54 000 (6 000 Units)|
|Opening Inventory||Absorption costing||R85 500 (6 000 Units)|
|Units manufactured||36 000|
|Sales units||34 000|
|Direct material||R5 per unit|
|Other variable production costs||R4 per unit|
|Sales commission cost||R1,50 per unit|
|Variable admin cost||R0,50 per unit|
|Total Fixed production cost||R160 000|
|Total Fixed Selling and Admin costs||R130 000|
|Fixed production overheads||R168 000|
|Budgeted units||32 000|
Game Ltd values inventory using the First in First out (“FIFO”) method.
Prepare the actual net profit statement using the direct costing method.(13 marks)
Prepare the actual net profit statement using the absorption costing method.(14 marks)
Discuss the effect on profit between the two methods (Direct costing and Absorption costing) in each of the following scenarios:
Production equals Sales units
Production exceeds Sales units
Sales exceeds Production units (3 marks)
QUESTION 3 (32 marks)
Sheep Coats Ltd manufactures wool coats. The company uses a standard costing method. The information below applies to the activities of Sheep Coats Ltd for the financial year ended 31 March 2023.
The actual production is 6 000 units and costs in Rands for the period were as follow:
|Direct material||8 400 metres @ R22 per metre||184 800|
|Direct labour||4 000 hours @ R20 per hour||80 000|
|Variable manufacturing overheads||4 000 hours @ R7,50 per hour||30 000|
|Fixed manufacturing overheads||45 000|
There is no change in the opening and closing inventory of material. Accordingly, the quantity purchased equals the quantity used.
The standard cost card for the wool coats is as follow:
|Direct material||1.3 metres; R20 per metre|
|Direct labour||42 minutes||R18 per hour|
|Variable manufacturing overheads||42 minutes||R8 per hour|
|Fixed manufacturing overheads||R6 per unit|
The normal production is 7 000 units per annum.
Prepare the total standard cost per unit. (5 marks)
Prepare a flexible budget based on the information provided as well as your answers in 3.1.(4 marks)
Calculate the following variances and clearly indicate for each variance whether it is a favourable or an unfavourable variance:
Direct material variances (Price and Usage) (6 marks)
Direct labour variances (Rate and Efficiency) (6 marks)
Variable manufacturing overhead variances (Rate and Efficiency) (6 marks)
Fixed manufacturing overhead variances (Expenditure and Volume)(5 marks)
QUESTION 4 (6 marks)
Discuss why a flexible budget is useful in an organisation. (4 marks)
Explain the difference between a master budget and a cash budget. (2 marks)
Answers on Above Questions on Financial Management
Answer 1: The process cost report using the weighted average method is calculated as follows:
Get completed answers on the questions on management accounting from the best accounting assignment help South Africa experts of Student Life Saviour.
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