Question 1 
Our thoughts control how we feel about ourselves and the world around us. Positive thoughts lead to us feeling good and negative thoughts can put us down. Sometimes our thoughts happen so quickly that we fail to notice them, but they can still affect our mood. These are called automatic thoughts. Oftentimes, our automatic thoughts are negative and irrational. Identifying these negative automatic thoughts and replacing them with new rational thoughts can improve our mood.

Considering the above statement, reflect on your life and elicit three (3) respective triggers, an automatic thought for each of the respective triggers and a new thought to replace each of the respective automatic thoughts. (9 marks)

Use the example below as reference.

Trigger Automatic thought New thought
EXAMPLE: I made a mistake at work. “I’m probably going to be fired. I always mess up. This is it. I’m no
good at this job.” “I messed up, but mistakes happen. I’m going to work through this, like I always do.”

Your educator made the following statement on Colcampus: “Our thoughts determine how we feel, and how we act, it’s important to challenge any thoughts that cause us harm.”

Considering the statement made by your educator, think of a problem in your life OR someone you might know, it can even be a made-up problem (for example, stress of passing your degree, getting married, etc.).
• Explain the problem and identify an automatic thought in this problem area. (5 marks)
• Challenge the automatic thought by means of the following five (5) Socratic questions below. (15 marks)

Question 2
Distinguish between the integrative approach and the pluralistic approach to counselling and psychotherapy. (15 marks)

Imagine you are a counsellor/psychotherapist and you have to place yourself on continuum of theoretical positioning, from purist (i.e., using one single approach, without integrating different therapies) at one end, to pluralist at the other, with a move from eclecticism vs integration in-between, discuss:
• Where you would position yourself.
• Whether you would want to move to a different place on the continuum as part of your professional development. If so, what steps might you take to achieve it? If not, what is it about your current practice that helps you feel grounded and satisfied? (10 marks)

Question 3
31. Describe the six (6) necessary and sufficient conditions’, within which the
three ‘core’ conditions are embedded, for therapy to be successful according to Carl Rogers’ (1957, p. 95–103) theory of therapy. (6 marks)

Your educator made the following statement: “Rogers thought any relationship characterized by unconditional positive regard, empathy, and genuineness is conducive to positive growth. On the other hand, relationships characterized by conditions of worth stifle positive growth”.

Considering the above statement:
• Describe a relationship within which you receive unconditional positive regard, empathy and genuineness. (3 marks)
• Describe a relationship in which conditions of worth are placed on you. (3 marks)
• Do you agree with Roger’s that the former is more conducive to your positive growth than the latter? Provide an explanation for your answer. (3 marks)

Question 4
The role of the therapist is to facilitate change through the process of engagement with the current situation, resources and coping mechanisms.

In light of the above statement, outline any five (5) specific strategies, according to O’Connell (2012).

Question 5 
Discuss, with relevant motivation, whether counselling or psychotherapy training fits into your current set of skills or employment.

Question 6 
Discuss the relevance in setting the therapeutic frame within psychodynamic psychotherapy. (6 marks)

In your opinion, in what ways may the concept of therapist as a “blank screen” be interpreted differently based on a client’s cultural background? In your

answer also discuss whether any of these potential interpretations may be harmful to the therapeutic alliance. (6 marks)

Get Answers on Above Questions on Psychology

Answer 1:

Automatic thoughts are those thoughts that a person experiences automatically in response to a trigger. In the given example 1, there are certain automatic thoughts identified. The first automatic thought is I am probably going to be fired. This automatic thought simply indicates that the person jumps into the conclusion and makes an assumption of the worst case scenario without any evidence. Another automatic thought in the given scenario is…


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