SECTION A: (10 marks)
Define the following terms:
• Basal ganglia (1 mark)
• Middle adulthood (1 mark)
• The structural self in the modern African self (3 mark)
• Unstructured interviews (2 mark)
• Validity (1 mark)
• Approach-approach conflict (1 mark)
• Change blindness (1 mark)


QUESTION 1: (31 Marks)
Psychology in South Africa emerged later than in other countries.
Discuss the trajectory of Psychology in South Africa in the last century. (10 marks)

When Titan was five years old, he witnessed his mother be attacked by their family pitbull. Ever since, he has been dreadfully afraid of dogs. Titan goes over to his friend’s home and sees a big dog! He starts to panic and runs home.

Explain Pavlov’s classical conditioning theory (9 marks)

Using the case study above, point out the following in the example:

A. Unconditioned stimulus (1 mark)

B. Unconditioned response (1 mark)
C. Conditioned response (1 mark)
D. Conditioned stimulus (1 mark)

Rosie is having trouble walking after her motorbike accident. She is sent to a neurologist to determine what could be wrong.

Identify and explain the part of the brain that is responsible for the movement that could possibly have been impacted by her motorbike accident. (4 marks)

Brad was hit on the back of his head terribly hard. Prior to being hit, Brad was able to see, however, since the incident, Brad has been unable to see.

Identify and explain the part of the brain that could have been impacted by him being hit
(4 marks)
QUESTION 2 (25 Marks)
Read the scenario below and answer the questions that follow.

Tracy decides to play Lego with her two daughters, Kate (8 years old) and Kaitlin (4 years old). Tracy divides the Lego into three equal pieces for each of them. Kate and Tracy begin building their pieces whereas Kaitlin runs around and tries to steal pieces from her sister. Tracy tries to get Kaitlin to settle down, but it is to no avail.

Kaitlin is used to getting her way. At first, Tracy would try to reprimand Kaitlin and tell her when she was doing something wrong. However, Kaitlin would cry and scream until she got her way. Tracy was emotionally exhausted because of this and decided to let Kaitlin do as she pleases. Thus, Tracy rarely says no to Kaitlin as she is terrified of upsetting her.

After 30 minutes of play, Tracy builds a big house, Kate builds a massive tower and Kaitlin had yet to begin. Kaitlin looks at her scattered pieces of Lego on the floor and states that her mother and sister have more pieces than her and therefore can build such big pieces. Kate lets her sister know that all pieces are the same regardless of their height.

Kaitlin begins to cry and throws the Legos around the room because she still feels as though her mother and sister were provided with more Legos than her. Tracy decides to end the activity and provides Kaitlin with some comfort.

According to Piaget’s stage of cognitive development in middle childhood, discuss the feature of thinking displayed by Kate and how it was displayed in the scenario above.
(4 marks)

Define temperament. (1 marks)

Identify and explain the possible temperament category that Kate displays. Draw from the case study to answer the question (5 marks)

Using the prescribed textbook as well as the case study, identify and discuss the parenting style displayed by Tracy. (10 marks)

Kaitlin is now an adolescent.

When asked about her career choices, Kaitlin states she hasn’t really given thought to what she wants to be, but thinks she wants to be a High School teacher, just like her mother.

Using the prescribed textbook and the case study, identify and discuss the identity formation stage according to Marcia, that Kaitlin is in. (5 marks)

QUESTION 3 (24 marks)

Using the following image and the prescribed textbook, answer the questions below.


Claire and Phil have been married for thirty years. Claire is thirty-eight (38) years old and is married to Phil forty-five (45) years old. They share two children, Younisha (6 years old) and Larry (15 years old).
Claire was a stay-at-home mother, but recently started working as Phil lost his job and has been unable to find employment since.
Phil a prideful man, lost his job during the COVID-19 pandemic and has been experiencing feelings of hopelessness and apathy as a result.

His marriage also seems to be suffering as Claire often states Phil is aggressive and overbearing when it comes to the kids. Phil spends most days at home, looking after the children while Claire goes to work. After one particularly difficult day with the kids, Phil had an emotional breakdown and needed to be admitted to hospital for observation. The doctors suggested that Phil may be suffering from depression and anxiety and would require a stay at a mental clinic to assist with healing and treatment.

Identify and explain the psychosocial stage of development that Claire is in. (5 marks)

Explain whether Claire and Phil are categorised in the same Psychosocial stage of development according to Erikson since they are parents. (5 marks)

Determine which personality assessment may be used to diagnosis Phil and provide a major benefit for said personality assessment. (7 marks)

Apart from the psychological assessment mentioned above, Phil was also required to partake in a job readiness structured interview. However, in the interview, Phil was being asked to discuss his marriage, his appetite, and his overall mood. Phil felt like the interview did not ask him any questions related to job readiness.

Identify and discuss which form of validity is not being made use of above. (7 marks)

QUESTION 4 (10 marks)
Compare James-Lange’s theory of emotion to Cannon-Bard theory.

Get completed answers on Psychology Assignment

Answer 1:

Basal ganglia are generally found at the centre of the brain and they are available in the form of groups of structures that form important connections. Because of these connections it is possible for the brain to work properly by way of establishing connection with each other.

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