QUESTION 1 (24 marks)
Atlas Ltd., a South African company, specialises in importing and distributing high- tech machinery components for the manufacturing sector. The company sources these components from a renowned American supplier and sells them to various manufacturers across South Africa. Atlas Ltd.’s financial year-end is on 30 June.
On 02 January 2023, Atlas Ltd. made a deposit of R100 000 to secure the purchase of machinery components valued at R500 000. These components are crucial to Atlas Ltd.’s inventory and are highly sought after by their clientele. The terms of the sale are FOB (Free on Board) shipping point. The inventory was loaded onto a boat on 01 May 2023, and its expected arrival at the Cape Town harbour was on 30 June 2023.
On 25 June 2023, the machinery components arrived at the Cape Town harbour without any issues. However, Atlas Ltd.’s warehouse is located in Johannesburg. Thus, it required an additional 5 days to transfer the inventory from the harbour to the warehouse, where it would then be ready for sale.
On 30 June 2023, the machinery components were delivered to and received by the warehouse, accompanied by an unpaid invoice from Speedy Logistics amounting to R20 000. Atlas Ltd. settled the invoice on 10 July 2023.
Ignore VAT, taxes, and foreign exchange rates for this question.
Evaluate the deposit of R100 000 made by Atlas Ltd. on 02 January 2023, in accordance with the conceptual framework, definitions, and recognition criteria established for financial statements and explain how Atlas Ltd. should recognise the deposit of R100 000 in its financial statements on 02 January 2023.
Follow the instructions below to structure your response:
• Identify the relevant financial statement element that applies to the deposit.
• Provide a clear definition of the selected financial statement element.
• Apply the information provided to the element’s definition and recognition criteria.
• Conclude by explaining how Atlas Ltd. should recognize the deposit of R100 000 in its financial statements based on your analysis.(10 marks)
Briefly discuss on the meaning of FOB shipping point and confirm the date when Atlas Ltd takes ownership of the inventory.(2 marks)
Briefly discuss when Atlas Ltd. should record the inventory as an asset on their books.(2 marks)
Briefly discuss how Atlas Ltd. should record on 30 June 2023, the payment to be made on 10 July 2023 to Speedy Logistics for the transportation costs. You should consider the timing and nature of the payment.(2 marks)
Prepare the general journal entries to record the transactions in Atlas Ltd. On the following dates:
1.5.1 02 January 2023. 1.5.2 01 May 2023.
1.5.3 30 June 2023.
1.5.4 10 July 2023.
Assume that Atlas Ltd uses the periodic recording system when recording inventory. (8 marks)
QUESTION 2 (13 marks)
You work for a company called “Fashion Emporium”, a retail business that specialises in selling clothing. The company’s financial year-end is 30 June 2023.
On 01 January 2023, Fashion Emporium had 1 000 units of jeans in inventory at a cost of R100 per unit. During the month of January, the company purchased an additional 2 000 units of jeans at a cost of R110 per unit. The company sold 2 500 units of jeans on credit during the month for R150 per unit.
Fashion Emporium offers a trade discount of 10% on all sales to customers who purchases more than 10 units of jeans. In addition, the company offers a settlement discount of 2% to customers who pay their bills within 15 days of the invoice date.
Assume that all transactions are on credit and that Fashion Emporium uses a perpetual inventory system. Assume all jeans are homogeneous.
Ignore VAT for this question.
Calculate the cost of goods sold for January using the weighted average method. (5 marks)
Calculate the trade discount allowed for sales of jeans in January, assuming that all sales transactions were sold in batches of 10 items and more per sale transaction. (2 marks)
Assume that all sales were paid within 15 days. Calculate the settlement discount allowed for sales of jeans in January. (2 marks)
Calculate the net sales revenue for January after taking into account the trade and settlement discounts.
QUESTION 3 (16 marks)
ABC Books is a small bookshop located in the heart of the Cape Town. The company specialises in selling rare and vintage books to collectors and enthusiasts. ABC Books has a financial 28 February year-end. During the period, the company made the following transactions:
|1 Jan 2023||To Kill a Mockingbird||Purchase||20|
|10 Jan 2023||To Kill a Mockingbird||Return||(3)|
|15 Jan 2023||The Great Gatsby||Purchase||15|
|20 Jan 2023||To Kill a Mockingbird||Sale||(12)|
|25 Jan 2023||The Great Gatsby||Sale||(10)|
• On 1 January 2023, ABC Books purchased 20 copies of “To Kill a Mockingbird” at a cost of ZAR 200 per book, on credit from a supplier.
• On 10 January 2023, ABC Books returned 3 copies of “To Kill a Mockingbird” to the supplier, as they were found to be damaged.
• On 15 January 2023, ABC Books purchased 15 copies of “The Great Gatsby” at a cost of ZAR 250 per book, in cash from a different supplier.
• On 20 January 2023, ABC Books sold 12 copies of “To Kill a Mockingbird” at a price of ZAR 350 per book, receiving payment in cash.
• On 25 January 2023, ABC Books sold 10 copies of “The Great Gatsby” at a price of ZAR 400 per book, receiving payment in credit.
Record the above transactions for ABC Books for the month of January 2023, in the following general ledger accounts:
• Cost of sales and
Assume ABC books uses the perpetual recording method to record inventory and calculates the cost of sales using the first-in-first-out (FIFO) method.
Ignore VAT and tax for this question. Dates are not required. Show all calculations.
QUESTION 4 (14 marks)
SmartFarm (Pty) Ltd is a technology-driven agriculture company that focuses on sustainable farming practices and crop optimization. The company has a 31 December financial year end.
You are presented with the following extract of the pre-adjustment trial balance of SmartFarm (Pty) Ltd:
|Extract of the Pre-adjustment trial balance of SmartFarm (Pty) Ltd as at 31
|Bank (overdraft)||2 000|
|Interest income||2||6 750|
|Inventories – 01/01/2023||1||100 000|
|Farming equipment||4 000 000|
|Trade Payables||80 000|
|Trade Receivables||120 000|
|Rent expense||3||65 000|
|Rent income||4||260 000|
|Retained earnings – 01/01/2023||3 720 600|
|Stationery expense||6||50 000|
|Miscellaneous expenses||6 350|
SmartFarm (Pty) Ltd conducted a physical inventory count on 31 December 2023 and identified closing inventory of R160 000. No inventory losses or damages were reported during the count. The trial balance has not been updated with this information.
2. Investment / Interest revenue:
Interest on the investment is received every quarter. For the last quarter of 2023, the interest amounted to R2 250 and was received on 10 January 2024. The accountant has yet to process this transaction.
3. Rental expense:
Included in the pre-adjustment trial balance is 13 months’ worth of rental expenses. The rent for January 2024 has already been paid on 29 December 2023. The monthly rental expense has remained fixed and unchanged over the past 2 years.
4. Rental income:
According to a sub-letting agreement, SmartFarm (Pty) Ltd receives rental income amounting to R20 000 per month. The rent for January 2024 was already received on 31 December 2022. The pre-adjustment trial balance currently represents 13 months’ worth of rental income.
SmartFarm (Pty) Ltd provides annual bonuses to its employees. As per company policy, bonuses are paid on 1 January of the following financial year. Bonuses are calculated at a rate of 4% of the total salary expenses account as of 31 December of the current financial year. The bonus calculation has not yet being performed and thus not yet accounted for.
All stationery purchases are expensed during the year. As of 31 December 2023, the accountant noted that there was unused stationery amounting to R10 000 on hand. No adjustments were made yet.
Apart from Notes 1-6, assume that all other accounts in the pre-adjusted trial balance are complete and accurately accounted for, for the financial year ended 31 December 2023.
Prepare an extract of the Statement of Financial Position for SmartFarm (Pty) Ltd for the financial year ended 31 December 2023, displaying only the Current Assets and Current Liabilities. Totals are required. Notes to the statement are not required. (14 marks
QUESTION 5 (33 marks)
Shoe Haven (Pty) Ltd is a retail store that specialises in footwear and related accessories. The company’s current financial year ended on 30 June 2023.
You are presented with an extract of the pre-adjustment trial balance of Shoe Haven (Pty) Ltd for the financial year ended 30 June 2023:
Extract of the Pre-adjustment trial balance of Shoe Haven (Pty) Ltd as at 30 June 2023
|Trade receivables||154 000|
|Trade payables||33 000|
|Cost of sales||385 000|
The following information has not been accounted for during the financial year ended 30 June 2023:
1. On 1 June 2023, Shoe Haven (Pty) Ltd received R11 200 from Mr Banda to settle his account balance.
2. On 28 June 2023, Mr Happy, the Director (and one of the founding members) of Shoe Haven (Pty) Ltd took a pair of sneakers out of the inventory warehouse for himself. The sneakers had a cost value of R3 000 and could have been sold for R3 900.
3. On 30 June 2023, the company decided to write off a debtor, Miss Jones, as irrecoverable. She owed R2 800.
4. On 30 June 2023, the company made a reliable estimate that, after classifying Misses Jones as a bad debt expense, 4% of the trade receivable balance remaining as of 30 June 2023 should be recognised as a doubtful debt.
Prepare adjusting general journal entries to record the information (1-4) in Shoe Haven (Pty) Ltd’s accounting records for the financial year ended 30 June 2023.
• Include all necessary headings and sub-headings in your journals.
• Provide workings where necessary.
• Assume that there were no other transactions for the year.
• Dates and narrations may be ignored.(10 marks)
Prepare general ledger entries for the following accounts of Shoe Haven (Pty) Ltd for the financial year ended 30 June 2023, taking into consideration the above information (1-4):
Bad debts expenses (3 marks)
Trade Receivables (5 marks)
Allowance for Doubtful Debts (3 marks)
Profit and loss account (4 marks)
• Include all necessary headings and sub-headings for your ledgers.
• Post the closing entries to the general ledger accounts.
• Provide workings where necessary.
Prepare an extract of the Statement of Financial Position to present only the Current Assets for Shoe Haven (Pty) Ltd for the financial year ended 30 June 2023. Notes are required where applicable.
Answers to Above Questions on Financial Management
Answer 1: An analysis of the given case scenario indicates that the deposit of R100000 made by Atlas Limited should be evaluated and recognised in accordance with the conceptual frameworks and recognition criteria as mentioned below:
From the point of view of conceptual framework, it needs to be recognised by considering the variables such as relevance and reliability.
Get completed answers on all questions above from the financial accounting experts of Student Life Saviour in South Africa.
Content Removal Request
If you believe that the content above belongs to you, and you don’t want it to be published anymore, then request for its removal by filling the details below. It will only be removed if you can provide sufficient evidence of its ownership.