Question 1 (Marks: 10)
English, as a language, has evolved by crossing continents, intersecting cultures, through colonisation and through invasions, picking up pieces of other languages along the way and changing with its diaspora across the globe. Its history is complex, to say the least.

Q.1.1 Anglo‐Norman French was used in England after the Norman Conquest and remained the language of the English nobility for several centuries (Oxford University Press, 2022). What year would mark the origin of this phenomenon?

Q.1.2 Fill in the missing proper noun: Old English language, also sometimes named [ ], was a language used in England before the time of Chaucer and William of Normandy.

Q.1.3 During which period of the development of the English Language, would Christopher Marlowe have been writing?

Q.1.4 Fill in the missing word: Widely known as Geoffrey Chaucer’s most famous work The Canterbury Tales was written using [ ] English.

Q.1.5 Fill in the missing words: Guy Fawkes and the “Gunpowder Plot” occurred during the period of [ ] English.

Question 2 (Marks: 10)
In the following question/s, please make sure to use full sentences when responding.

Q.2.3 Give a clear definition of the term “Etymology”. (2)

Q.2.2 Provide the etymology for the word Pedantic. (3)

Q.2.3 In your own words, outline or describe the importance of etymology in academia. You must refer to credible sources using the IIE Harvard Referencing method. (5)

Question 3 (Marks: 15)

Q.3.1 Compose a paragraph response/answer in which you discuss and explain the first diaspora of the English Language. Remember to cite your sources using the IIE Harvard Referencing method. (5)

Q.3.2 English is used as the primary means of instruction in South African education. Discuss the terms Additive Bilingualism and Subtractive Bilingualism in line with their advantages and disadvantages for SA learners. Use examples and relevant sources to substantiate your points. (10)

Question 4 (Marks: 15)

Q.4.1. In a short paragraph, contrast the terms Portmanteau and Neologism. (5)

Q.4.2. Provide an example of a current portmanteau and explain its etymology. (2)

Q.4.3. Provide an example of a current neologism and explain its etymology. (2)

Q.4.4. Explain why the addition of new words to the English lexicon (collection of words)
is exemplary of both the descriptive and the prescriptive approaches, using your examples from Q.4.2 and Q.4.3 to support your response. (6)

Question 5 (Marks: 10)
Use full sentences when answering. Single words or phrases will not be accepted.

Q.5.1. Differentiate between dialect and idiolect and how vocabulary, geographic location and syntax relate to these terms. (4)

Q.5.2. Using an example, describe the term “connotation” of a word. (3)

Q.5.3. Using an example, describe the term “denotation” of a word. (3)

Answers to Above Questions

Answer to Question 1: The origin of the phenomenon that Anglo Norman French was used in England after the Norman conquest and remained the language of the English nobility for several centuries is 1066. There are two parts in which the story of French immigration into England can be explained such as the military invasion and conquest accompanied by violence and warfare. Secondly there is a period of three generations during which increasingly more people from Western France settled in England…..


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