Bank fraud is a criminal act that occurs when a person uses illegal means to receive money or assets from a bank or other financial institution. Financial institution fraud (FIF) involves fraud occurring within or against financial institutions. Most financial institutions are threatened by a wide array of types of fraud, such as commercial loan fraud, cheque fraud, counterfeit negotiable instruments, mortgage fraud, cheque kiting, false applications, and a variety of traditional and non-traditional FIF scams.

There are many fraud-prevention and -detection strategies that can be used to reduce the chances of fraud occurring. In today’s technological era, fraud has become very complex and even more difficult to prevent and detect; the techniques used to deal with it must therefore also be sophisticated.

It is essential for the forensic investigators to gather evidence in the fraud cases to present a well-prepared case to the court. Digital data are all around us and should be collected routinely in any investigation of crime. It is more than likely that someone involved in a crime, used a computer or mobile device, and has access to the internet. Every forensic investigation must therefore consider the relevant information stored on the computer systems which employees use both at work and at home. Every search warrant should include digital evidence, to avoid the need for a second warrant and to prevent any associated lost opportunities. Even if digital data do not provide a link between a crime and its victim or a crime and its perpetrator, such data can be useful in an investigation. Digital evidence can reveal how a crime was committed, provide investigative leads, disprove, or support witness statements, and identify likely suspects.

Discuss the prevention and detection strategies a forensic investigator uses in the investigation of fraud cases. (50)

Discuss the phases involved in securing digital forensic evidence in the case of corruption and fraud. (50)

Answers to Above Questions on Crimes and Investigation

Answers 1: The prevention and detection of fraudulent cases requires a forensic investor to consider different Strategies and techniques of forensic investigation. Some of the important techniques used by forensic investors in investigating fraudulent cases are digital forensics, digital analytic, forensic accounting, interviews and interrogation, whistle blowing etc.


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