QUESTION 1 (25 MARKS)

a) Natalie took a RM30,000 car loan from RHB Bank. The bank charged Natalie 2.5% interest and requires her to pay at the end of each year for 4 years. Calculate the yearly repayment amount, and complete the following loan amortization schedule.

 Year Beginning Value Repayment amount Interest paid Principal paid Ending Value 1 2 3 4

b) Sejahtera Sdn. Bhd. had just obtained a loan from Jaguh Bank. The bank had agreed to lend Sejahtera Sdn. Bhd. RM250,000. Sejahtera Sdn. Bhd. will have to pay monthly installments to repay the loan, at an interest of 5.0% per annum, compounding monthly, for 10 years.

i) Find the amount of monthly installment which has to be paid by Sejahtera Sdn. Bhd. (4 marks)

ii) Compute the total interest that Sejahtera Sdn. Bhd. will have to pay if it continues the loan until the agreed settlement term (i.e. 10 years). (4 marks)
iii) If Sejahtera Sdn. Bhd. decides to settle the loan completely after 6 years, find the amount of interest which it will be able to save. (7 marks)

QUESTION 2 (25 MARKS)

a) With a 7% discount rate, determine the value on 1 January 2023 of the following cash flows:

 Date Cash Received Amount of Cash (RM) 1 January 2024 14,000 1 January 2025 20,000 1 January 2026 30,000 1 January 2027 43,000 1 January 2028 57,000

b) Ravi has been depositing money at the end of each year into an account drawing 6.5% compound interest per annum. Calculate the balance in the account at the end of year four if he deposited the following amounts:

 Year End of Year Deposit 1 RM350 2 RM500 3 RM725 4 RM400

c) Chong invests RM2,500 at a variable rate of interest. Initially, the rate is 5% compounded annually for the first year, and the rate increases half percent annually (0.5%) for five years. Compute how much will he have in the account after five years.
(3 marks)

d) Mr Rafizi is planning to start saving for his son’s college education fund. When the time comes, he wishes to accumulate RM45,000 at the end of 17 years. Assuming that his savings account will pay 6.5% compounded annually, calculate how much would he will have to deposit if:

i) he wants to deposit an equal amount at the end of each year.

ii) he wants to deposit one lump sum today.(8 marks)

e) An investment will pay RM500 in three years, RM700 in five years, and RM1,000 in nine years. If the opportunity rate is 6%, calculate the present value of this investment.(3 marks)

QUESTION 3 (25 MARKS)

 Share Percentage Return (%) Year 1 2 3 4 5 6 A 10 5 6 8 12 15 B 8 4 4.8 6.4 9.6 12 C 5 10 12 10 6 6

a) Find the expected return for each of the share. (6 marks)

b) Compute the variance and standard deviation for share A, B and C. Show your working. (12 marks)

c) i) Identify which pair of the combinations A, B and C shows a positive correlation. (2 marks)

ii) Explain which pair shows a negative correlation. (2 marks)

iii) Justify how can the risk of the above combination of stocks be minimized.

QUESTION 4 (25 MARKS)

Dinar Berhad is located in Tanjung Tokong where a market is held regularly. It decided to buy a bus to take passengers to and from the market. It is estimated that 200 tickets could be sold a day for RM4 each.

Dinar Berhad intended to run the bus for three years. It had the option of buying a newer bus, bus A, or an older bus, bus B. Dinar Berhad knew that the older bus would be less reliable and there would be more days each year when the bus could not run because of breakdowns and maintenance. It would also require more money to be spent on repairs.

The following estimated information was available.

 Bus A Bus B Initial purchase price RM86,000 RM45,000 Sale proceeds at the end of year 3 RM28,000 Nil Days lost to breakdowns and maintenance Year 1 5 12 Year 2 9 15 Year 3 16 17 Costs of repairs and maintenance Year 1 RM7,000 RM9,000 Year 2 RM8,000 RM14,500 Year 3 RM11,000 RM17,000

Other running costs were expected to the same for both buses. Dinar Berhad uses a cost of capital of 10%.

a) Calculate the difference in NPV between purchasing bus A and bus B.
(10 marks)
b) Assuming that the NPV for bus A is RM18,900, calculate the NPV of purchasing bus B.

Assume that the Accounting Rate of Return (ARR) of purchasing bus A was calculated as 24.56%. The total net cash flows of year 1 to 3 inclusive for bus B amounted to RM74,300.

c) Calculate the ARR of purchasing bus B.
(4 marks)

(6 marks)

e) State one method of investment appraisal (other than NPV and ARR) which a business could use.
(2 marks)

Answers to Above Questions on Financial Accounting

Answer 1: The yearly repayment amount, and the loan amortization schedule is calculated as follows:

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