Managers can learn how to get the best work out of their business or organization by starting with an understanding of organizational behavior. Employers can use it to assess each worker’s behavior and mold a positive work ethic in them. Understanding this business philosophy will be very beneficial to you and your company if you are already in business or are just starting out. When implementing organizational behavior theory in the workplace, there are four important things to remember. They are environment, technology, structure, and people.
In reference to the above statement, you are required to answer the followings:
a) Examine and contrast two (2) theories of motivation (such as Herzberg’s Two- Factor Theory and Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs). In what ways can these theories be implemented by organizations to improve employee motivation? (20 marks)
b) Explore how work happiness and employee retention are related. How can businesses gauge employee happiness and make improvements to it in order to keep top talent? (20 marks)
The Johari Window is a model that helps individuals understand their relationships with themselves and others. When applying it to organizational behavior, it can provide valuable insights into communication, teamwork, and overall organizational dynamics.
In reference to the above statement, you are required to answer the following sections:
Team Building and Communication
a) How can the Johari Window be applied to improve communication and trust within a team? Describe. (20 marks)
Organizational Change and the Johari Window
a) Discuss the implications of organizational change on the “Unknown Area” in the Johari Window. (20 marks)
Cultural Diversity and the Johari Window
a) Discuss strategies for promoting mutual understanding and reducing cultural blind spots in diverse teams. (20 marks)
Answers to Above Questions on Organisational Behaviour
Answer 1: An analysis of the core differences between the two important theories of motivation such as Herzberg two factor theory and Maslow hierarchy of needs theory indicates that Herzberg two factor theory is based on job satisfaction and dissatisfaction whereby it is proposed that there are different factors that influence the job satisfaction and dissatisfaction level among employees. Maslow hierarchy of need theory on the other hand is based on the concept that there are different levels of human needs, which are classified into lower level and high level, and the individual initially tries to satisfy their lower level needs followed by higher ones.
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